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10 facts about Mexicο



1. Olmec, Maya, and Aztec civilizations shaped Mesoamerican history.

Mexico has a rich tapestry of ancient civilizations that have left an indelible mark on Mesoamerican history. Among these are the Olmec, Maya, and Aztec civilizations, each contributing unique cultural, architectural, and scientific advancements to the region.

2. Mexico is one of the 6 cradles of global civilization.

Mexico is one of the six cradles of civilization, a land steeped in history and heritage dating back to at least 8,000 BC. Within its borders, great empires like the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Mayan, and Aztec civilizations are imprinted upon its landscapes.

Much like the ancient civilizations of India, Egypt, China, Peru, and Mesopotamia, Mexico’s rich history and culture have left an indelible mark on the world, showcasing the ingenuity, creativity, and resilience of its people throughout the ages.


3. Mexico has 68 indigenous languages.

Mexico’s linguistic landscape is as diverse as its cultural tapestry. Whereas Spanish is so widely spoken, the country has 68 official indigenous languages. The languages have a myriad of variations bringing the total indigenous dialects to a staggering 200.


4. The world's biggest pyramid is in Mexico.

The Great Pyramid of Cholula is actually considered to be the largest monument ever constructed by volume, rather than a true pyramid in the traditional sense. It is a massive complex with a series of platforms and structures built on top of each other over different time periods, used for religious and ceremonial purposes by the ancient inhabitants of the region. While it may not fit the typical pyramid shape, it is still an impressive architectural and archaeological site.


5. Mexico is home to one of the 7 Wonders of the World.

Nestled in the Yucatan Peninsula, Chichen Itza is a testament to the precision of the ancient Mayan civilization. Dating back to 800–900 CE, this revered archaeological site has earned its place among the modern wonders of the world. The center is in El Castillo, a towering pyramid dedicated to the Mayan deity Kukulkan.


6. The name “Mexico” has many meanings.

Mexico’s historical roots start with its very name. The etymology of “Mexico” remains an enigma, with scholars and historians offering a variety of explanations but failing to reach a concord.

Some speculate that it signifies “Place Where the God of War Lives,” attributing it to the war God Mexi. Others say it means “At the Navel of the Moon.” Amidst these diverse theories, the truth remains still elusive.


7. Mexico’s silver pesos were the first global currency.

The Mexican peso, also known as the Mexican silver peso, has a long history dating back to the Spanish colonial period in the 16th century. It is one of the oldest currencies still in use today. The first Mexican pesos were minted in 1536.

Silver pesos were the world’s inaugural global currency. Minted by the colonial government from silver, these coins traversed oceans and continents, establishing themselves as a cornerstone of international trade.


8. Cinco de Mayo commemorates Mexico’s victory over the French.

Cinco de Mayo, one of the most important Mexican holidays, is celebrated every year on May 5th. It commemorates the triumph of the Mexican army over the French Empire at the Battle of Puebla in 1862. Led by the valiant General Ignacio Zaragoza, Mexican forces defended the city of Puebla against overwhelming odds.


9. The Mexican Revolution shaped the country’s art scene.

Mexican muralism emerged as a powerful artistic force in the wake of the Mexican Revolution. Led by famous Mexican artists Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and José Clemente Orozco, (Los Tres Grandes) the movement used murals to narrate Mexico’s history and champion social justice causes.

A movement that began in the early 1920's in which the government tried to educate the mostly illiterate population about the country's history. Inspired by the Revolution, artists created public art in many forms that stressed the pre-colonial history of Mexico, with the Grandes aiming to honor the cause.


10. Día de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) marks the cycle of life and death.

The Day of the Dead (Día de los Muertos) is a tribute to Mexico’s deeply rooted cultural traditions and spiritual beliefs. Every year on November 1st and 2nd, Mexicans celebrate the connection between the living and the dead. Communities come together to construct intricate ofrendas (altars) adorned with photographs, favorite foods, vibrant marigolds,candles, and other symbolic offerings.


Ioanna Papafili, our head bartender at Barro Negro Athens, is a true enthusiast of agave spirits and Mexican culture. Her thirst for knowledge is insatiable, often found reading the latest research on agave production and history. Recognizing her passion and expertise, we wanted to create a platform where she could share her extensive knowledge with others. Thus, Academia de Barro was established as a space dedicated to educating and inspiring those who share a fascination with agave spirits, fostering a deeper appreciation for their cultural and historical significance.


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